Rounding the Bases of Financial Independence

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thedisabilitydocToday’s Saturday Selection comes from Passive Income MD, and it will totally change what you think of as “getting to third base.”

Baseball analogies are everywhere, as the good doctor points out, but we don’t have them for the FIRE community.

Well, not until PIMD wrote about them, and now I’m sharing them with you. As always, this post originally appeared on Passive Income MD.

 

Rounding the Bases of Financial Independence

 

As a child, very little filled me with more joy than visiting the ballpark. It was a magical experience. I still remember the feeling of being out under the lights, the smell of the green grass of the field, and, above all, the energy of the crowd. Nothing got me or the fans more excited than seeing our players touch home plate–hopefully more than the other team.

Of course, I’m not the only one who feels this way. America’s love of its national pastime has even brought many metaphors into our daily conversations. When we want a rough estimate, we ask for a “ballpark figure.” When someone screws up, we say they “dropped the ball,” and a mistaken accusation is said to be “way off base.” There are so many great analogies having to do with baseball and life. Why shouldn’t we have one for financial independence?

 

rounding_the_bases

 

I’ve always seen the process of achieving financial independence as analogous to rounding the bases. After all, unless you hit a home run with a business or invention, there are usually steps that must take place in a certain order, just as you can’t run from first straight to third base.

Of course, “rounding the bases” often carries a different connotation, but for our purposes, let’s keep it to finances.

So this is how I think about the path to Financial Independence. Let’s go into it base by base.

Batter’s Box – Income

 

contractdiagnosticsOnce you’re producing a steady stream of income, you’re in the batter’s box. It’s impossible to start your journey financial independence without some sort of income. This income can come solely from your day job, but ideally, it should be a combination of your day job and your other side hustles / income sources. The more you diversify and add from other sources of income, the better off you’ll be and the quicker you’ll be able to get around the bases.

As physicians, yes we step into the batter’s box late in the game, often not until we’re in our 30’s. However, we typically start with decent incomes that, with good financial education and careful strategy, should really help propel us to a good financial future.

 

1st Base – Savings

 

Getting to first base starts first and foremost with a shift of the mind. I am definitely of the mindset that you shouldn’t completely give up today for an unknown future. However, there has to be some balance and you have to be okay with some delayed gratification.

Opinions differ as to what constitutes a good savings rate—some say 10%, the White Coat Investor says that doctors should be saving at least 20%. What we do know is that the higher your savings rate, the quicker you get to financial independence as Mr. Money Mustache clearly showed. [PoF: And I challenge you to live on half.]

In any case, the main thing is to control your spending and not to live paycheck to paycheck. Then, take that money and do something wise with it.

Now, what’s “wise” is different for everyone. It might involve paying off high-interest debt like credit cards or student loans. But it may also mean taking some of those savings and running straight to second base.

2nd Base – Investing

 

Now you’re really making some progress. You’ve set aside some savings, and now it’s time to make your money work.

They say the most powerful factor in investing is time, and I absolutely agree. It doesn’t matter whether you’re investing in the stock market or in real estate, this principle holds absolutely true, so don’t wait to get started.

bankofamericaIt is also my strong opinion that you should truly diversify your investments. This is the same principle as having multiple streams of income: if and when one dries up or has a slow season, you’ve got others to rely on.

Now, traditional wisdom dictates that 90% of your money should be in the market and 10% in alternative assets. For me, true diversification means that you shouldn’t have more than 90% in one type of market–no matter what that market is. I try to keep it more balanced in terms of allocating my investments by mixing in a higher balance of real estate investments. I also believe it’s important to diversify your investments for both appreciation and cash flow.

What might this look like? Well, if you’re investing in the stock market, perhaps you use the three fund portfolio like Physician on Fire. Maybe you learn to use the Backdoor Roth like FutureProofMD. In terms of real estate, you can buy some rental property, like a single family home or apartment building, or maybe you allocate some funds into real estate crowdfunding.

3rd Base: Cash Flow

 

You know you’ve reached third base when you start receiving income entirely unrelated to your primary job. Focusing on cash flow allows you to change the way you live today. For example, as I receive passive income from my rental properties, I can adjust my life accordingly, today, to achieve my optimal work-life balance.

See, we tend to live our financial lives on a month-to-month basis. Budgets, rent, mortgages, car payments… all are set up monthly. So when you’ve got a passive source of monthly cash flow (other than your primary job), you get to live life accordingly. Maybe you’re able to give up a call or just take a day off. Cash flow allows for that.

So your investments continue paying off, building on themselves and each other, until eventually, your investments are able to cover your expenses. That’s when you reach home plate.

 

Home Plate: Financial Independence

 

How do you know you’re truly home? Well, you might hear different numbers about safe withdrawal rates and nest egg sizes based on current expenses.

Again, the way I think about financial independence is that the cash flow from your investments covers your expenses. Your ability to put a roof over your head and provide for your family is not dependent on you going to work that day.

Financial independence represents real freedom. It doesn’t necessarily mean you retire immediately–although you could if you wanted. You make the choices you want to make, rather than the ones you have to make because of work or other financial obligations. Home base is achieving a balance between freedom and fulfillment.

This cash flow can come from your cash-producing real estate investments, or from your dividend stocks, or from your nest egg that you withdraw 3-4% a year from. Again, I’m trying to achieve it using a combination of all of these.

Where Am I on the Basepath?

 

Personally, I’ve left third base and am gradually making my way to home plate. As I’ve been gaining passive cash flow, I’ve already started reducing my work time. Once I slide into home for real and achieve financial independence, I’ll have reduced my hours quite a bit more. I’ll likely never quit my day job (I enjoy it too much), but knowing I could is truly empowering.

Ultimately, knowing which base you’re on is half the battle. Once you know that, you can figure out exactly where you need to go–and in what order. Do the research, put in the work, and when you cross home, you’ll look back and realize how far you’ve really come.

PoF: How Much Does This Site Make, Anyway?

 

Tomorrow, I’ll be putting together my quarterly newsletter which details my online revenue, blog stats and more. Find out how I’ve already exceeded last year’s revenue and am on pace for a six-figure profit in 2018. My revenue reports are reserved exclusively for those who subscribe to the site. If you don’t like multiple e-mails a week, I also offer a weekly digest.

 


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14 comments

  • I crossed home plate. I thought it was a practice game, but holy crap it was the real game!!! Time to go to the clubhouse for a beer!

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  • Vagabond MD

    I am starting the slide into home plate but strongly considering another at bat.

  • Love the analogy PIMD, can’t say your name without singing it to the tune of 50 Cents PIMP ;o). “Home base is achieving a balance between freedom and fulfillment”- this is where it is at. Having the ability to make a choice based on what you want and not based on being able to pay the bills it 100% freeing. You can continue to work if you want, you can cut down your hours, or you can retire completely, its your choice.

    I think I’m running somewhere between 3rd and home plate, considering a slide to home at any moment.

  • Lynne

    I like to joke that I failed Retirement 101. Achieved FIRE 9/1/16 but have returned twice as a consultant. Am using the income to further pad my investments and cash savings in case the market takes a big dive when the inevitable happens.

    After working for 8.5 months this time around, I think I’ll retire for real so I have time for all those home projects I’m delaying for lack of time. Ready for some fun, too.

    • Well, I’m failing part-time, having two part-time gigs (this site being one of them) that keep me quite busy.

      It’s clear I will “fail retirement” in a similar fashion, but I look forward to the next chapter, regardless. Enjoy the next retirement, and I hope for your sake that it sticks!

      Best,
      -PoF

  • Like the baseball analogy (though does not have the more exciting connotations as the one used for how far a particular date went ).

    Congrats on being on pace for a 6 figure profit. I myself am on pace for a 5 figure profit (unfortunately two of those figures are on the wrong side of the decimal point).

  • Mark Holbrook

    Tried using the code for the class discount and it said it was invalid???

  • I’d have loved this but my beloved Arkansas Razorbacks were one pop up fly ball catch away from being the national champions at the World Series of College Baseball earlier this week and three of our players converged on the easy catch and then watched it hit the ground because they all thought someone else was going to catch it. The Oregon State Beavers then went on to win that game and the next one to become the champions. The horror! So all of us Arkansas fans are taking a moratorium on baseball metaphors for awhile. Otherwise, great post.

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