One: Work with a vetted fiduciary, fee-only financial advisor. You should come out with a sound plan, some understanding of what goes into the plan, and it will probably set you back a few thousand dollars.
Two: Go it alone. Read books and blogs to learn everything you can about investment management, debt management, appropriate insurance, asset protection, etc… It will likely take the better part of a year and hundreds of hours, but you’ll give yourself a great education in personal finance. Monetarily, this will cost you very little.
Three: Enroll in the only online course that walks you through everything you need to know to have at least a working knowledge of the necessary topics. This will likely take a few weeks and when you’re done, you’ll have a working financial plan and sound knowledge base in many areas of personal finance.
This last option, enrolling in The White Coat Investor’s Fire Your Financial Advisor Course, will set you back $499.
I’ve had a young physician and her husband take and review the course together. Their FYFA course review and financial plan was featured previously.
Today, I’d like to share the financial plan a physician reader shared with me after purchasing and completing the course on their own. I think you’ll be impressed with both their plan and their progress.
Create Your Own Comprehensive Financial Plan
What follows is a custom-made plan created by a reader and sent to me after completing the course.
Philosophy and goals
Investment philosophy to live by: Things don’t create happiness – autonomy, experiences, meaningful relationships and giving do. This lifestyle is achieved through hard work, modest living, high income, avoidance of debt, and high savings/investment rate, and insured with adequate asset protection. Our goal is FI, allowing passive income to support our expenses while working less and having greater freedom. Disciple equals freedom.
We believe the best way to “buy” happiness is to have shared experiences with people we care about. We will limit how much “stuff” we buy, and will make sure that which we do is of high quality. We will remember that everything we own owns a little piece of us.
We will invest in a diverse mix of index funds for the long run. We will dollar cost average and will not fall victim to the emotions can come with market swings and optimize tax savings. We will review this document at least annually and continue to grow of financial knowledge via mentors, blogs, books, podcasts, etc. We will discuss what we learn with each other and how it may help out path to FI.
We will teach these skills to our children (3rd generation FI), interested friends, family and students. We will remember that in hearts filled with gratitude there is no room for comparisons and discontentment.
Foremost, we will not excessively worry about the future state of our finances as this prevents us from being attentive, aware, and disciplined to the joy of the present.
Insurance and Asset Protection
His term insurance: $1 million 10-year/$1 million 20-year Protective laddered policies. Employer term policy 1x base, est. $350,000. Combined would cover $200,000 mortgage + $200,000 for college x 2 + $100,000 year tax free to her x approx. 20 yrs.
Her term insurance: $500,000-20 year Banner policy
*We will “say no” to future whole/permanent life policies!
Date night is likely our best investment and asset protection strategy. Make these nights happen (dinners, hikes, trivia, a beer). Continue to prioritize our communication, teamwork and work to support balance for each other. If marital stress becomes unmanageable we will seek professional counseling.
His short-term disability: covered by employer < 90 days, then long-term…
His long-term disability: > 90 days, employer policy ($7,800/mo. benefit after taxes) + supplemental Guardian policy ($9,000/mo. benefit tax free with riders). Combined would maintain est. $200,000 (post tax) income until age 65 y.o.
*We will discontinue life and disability insurance when financially independent
Maintain through employer, high deductible ($3000) family plan with H.S.A, see details below.
Healthcare Savings Account:
Continue to max HSA contributions annually ($7,000 in 2019) and invest in Vanguard low cost index funds, see details below.
Long-term care insurance:
We will have assets to be able to self-fund this as opposed to purchasing insurance.
Coverage: $300,000 personal liability. Deductible $3,081. Take video of rooms/belongings, record date of latest recording:
State Homestead Law up to $390,000 home protected.
Joint deed on title. Will considering adding security system in future.
Deductibles $1,000/vehicle/claim; coverage $250,000 per person, $500,000 per accident; includes uninsured driver coverage $250,000 per person, $500,000 per accident.
Personal Liability: $2 million umbrella policy, kicks in after home, auto max would be met.
Current: employer policy $5 million per occurrence/$5 million per aggregate.
Previous employers $2 million per occurrence/$6 million per aggregate and other (locums agency) $1 million per occurrence/$3 million per aggregate.
*All policies with lifetime tails.
We will not insure the small things (appliances, TV, cell phones, travel, etc…)
“If I pass…” document
Complied 3/2018. Copies in safe and on computer. We will update annually with new fund/contact information. Thanks PoF!
Our current home:
Purchased 6/2015 for $287,000, current est. value with upgrades $325,000. Refinanced with SoFi to 15-year 3.25% in 3/2017. Will add extra $1,450/mo. to mortgage starting in 2/2019 (same as student loan payment/mo.) to accelerate payoff from 15 years to 7 years (payoff 2025), considering adding any windfall to mortgage payoff.
Will continue to invest in our home upkeep and updates with “sweat equity” when possible as we have with gardens, sprinkler system, furniture, landscaping, trees, snow removal, lawn care.
Will avoid capital gains on this home future sale per personal residence exemption of $500,000 married.
We plan to buy a lake home or lake lot/build a home in approximately 5-7 years (from 2019). Will keep cost of new home < 2x our annual income, not max amount bank will lend us!
If purchasing a lake home will need at down payment of 20% to avoid PMI; if purchasing lake would also need 20% down, PMI not needed with unstructured lot.
-We will take out a 15-year conventional fixed mortgage for new mortgage with accelerated monthly payments.
-Until new home purchase, we will continue to enjoy local cabins, parks, and trails.
Student Loan Plan
No undergraduate debt for him or her! Thanks merit aid, research grants, work-study jobs, summer jobs, parents, and grandparents.
He graduated from medical school in 2011. He received $36,000 in scholarships during medical school. Medical school student loan debt: $167,000.
In 12/2015, he was awarded a Rural Loan Forgiveness Grant: $100,000, tax-free. Distributed $25,000 annually from 2015-2019. Refinanced loans with SoFi from 6.6% to 3.74% (fixed) then to 2.24 % variable. On track for 2/2019 payoff with ongoing monthly payments and last $25,000 lump sum upcoming.
[PoF Update: Paid in full 3/2019! They are now debt-free. Congratulations!]
Live like a resident,
Review variable trends monthly and set monthly goals.
Review annual financial and family goals every January, see document on desktop.
Will keep to a minimum by: discontinue things that we don’t need (ex. cable), add energy efficient updates to home, avoid excessive heat/cooling costs. Accelerate mortgage payoff to save on interest.
Will review prior month spending trends at monthly 2nd/mo. at “honey + money meetings” with her and track in excel. Variable spending goal of: < $3500/mo. or $42,000/yr, (groceries, gas, eating out, baby sitters, home essentials, and shopping). Make one spending goal/mo. and revisit this.
-Budget $1000/mo. for travel, hotel, one-time expenses, projects, gifts, etc.
Emergency Fund plan:
Food and restaurants:
Eat what we grow; use meats from farm/freeze; eat low carb, alcohol on occasion; share at restaurants and avoid desserts, he continues to bring lunches to work.
Enemies of investment goals:
We are aware of the three enemies that work against investment goals: inflation, taxes, expenses – minimize these as much as possible, notably expenses and taxes. The only return we care about is real after-tax, after-inflation, after-expense returns.
We will invest in diversified, passively managed, low-cost index funds. Will invest in a tax-efficient manner and rebalance at least annually.
Tax-deferred and Tax-free Backdoor Roth accounts:
He will continue to max 401k ($19,000), 457b ($19,000), get employer match every year (~ $22,000) to decrease taxable income while increasing savings rate. Will also max backdoor Roth, spousal Roth annually ($12,000 total).
Consider future locums work that would allow additional pre-tax contribution of 20% of net locums income, to max of $56k/year.
She will max future retirement account with pre-tax dollars when she returns to work – this will decreased taxable income while increasing savings rate.
Contribute monthly to low cost, no-load/commission free, index funds, mainly with Vanguard by investing $6000/mo. (average over the year) to support savings rate and FI.
Will invest for the long term and avoid short-term capital gains Favor funds with qualified over non-qualified dividends for lower tax burden. Will tax loss harvest when applicable
Uses of fund: expenses post-FI, lake lot down payment. Can be sold anytime.
Currently 95% stocks, 5% bonds. We will simplify investments with goal of a three-fund portfolio. We will revisit contributions and allocations annually and better understand tax efficiency of allocations.
Health Care Savings Account:
Will continue to max per year, $7,000 for 2019. We will use for deductible/expenses and continue to allow extra invest for health care costs after retirement. Triple tax advantage: pre-tax contribution, grows tax free, and is not taxed at withdrawal so long as used for medical expenses otherwise taxed like other retirement accounts, so in effect “stealth IRA”
We will delay social security to age 70 y.o. to maximize benefit. We will review social security benefit estimates annually and consider these when calculating future retirement income. Estimate $3000-$4000/mo. in today’s dollars.
529 College savings:
We started 529s early, child #1 at age 2 1/2, child #2 at age 5 months. We invest in low cost, age based index funds at Vanguard.
We will encourage PSEO, AP classes, scholarships, and expect they work and pay for portion of college. Low cost schools > expensive, encourage merit scholarships, can cash flow with our current income, also okay if they have some student loans .
Current 529 contributions will cover 75% of projected private college, but will also consider lower cost, public university options. Excess could be used for graduate school.
Our state offers state tax deduction for contributions.
529 funds can also be used for our own future educational interests (if they qualify) or as legacy fund for grandchildren.
Will considering adding rental or real estate investments in the future. Not bitcoin!